The Best Practices for Health Research Involving Children and Adolescents address gaps and challenges caused by the lack of specific ethical guidelines for health research involving children. These Best Practices are designed to assist in the application of the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS2) in the paediatric population. They are complementary to the TCPS2, and are intended as voluntary guidance for the Canadian health research community working with children and adolescents. These Best Practices provide an overview of international and Canadian ethical norms, reflecting the current situation in Canada regarding health research involving children and adolescents.

Canadian Association of Research Ethics Board (CAREB) is a grassroots national membership organization intended to represent the interests of all Canadian Research Ethics Boards (REBs) and to reflect REB perspectives and concerns.

Canadian Institutes of Health Research: CIHR Best Practices for Protecting Privacy in Health Research. These Best Practices are intended to be innovative approaches to the challenge of protecting the privacy of individuals and the confidentiality of personal information in the context of health research. These Best Practices are meant to provide guidance for health researchers in the design and conduct of health research involving personal information; and be a resource for REBs and institutions to consult when reviewing and evaluating health research involving personal information.

Declaration of Helsinki is an official policy document of the World Medical Association, the global representative body for physicians, developed as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other participants in medical research involving human subjects.

National Council on Ethics in Human Research (NCEHR) advances the protection and promotion of the well-being of human participants in research; and fosters high ethical standards for the conduct of research involving humans.

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) makes investments in people, discovery and innovation for the benefit of all Canadians by supporting more than 17,700 university students and post-doctoral fellows in their advanced studies. NSERC promotes discovery by funding more than 9,600 university professors every year. And NSERC helps make innovation happen by encouraging more than 500 Canadian companies to invest in university research.

Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) provides valuable information for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs).

Privacy legislation: The purpose of the Privacy Act is to provide citizens with the right to access personal information held by the government and protection of that information against unauthorized use and disclosure. For further information pertaining to the Privacy Act, please contact the Privacy Officer in the Access to Information and Privacy Division of Health Canada at (613) 954-8744.

The Belmont Report was the work of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. It identifies three basic principles underlying the ethics of human research: respect for persons, beneficence and justice.