Obesity - adult - patient education

Obesity - adult - patient education

Oak Valley Health's patient education pages share the skills, knowledge, and habits patients and families need to know to cope with a daily health issue. We hope this information can influence patient behaviour to improve health outcomes and provide you with a sense of control and autonomy.

Learn more about the risks, causes, and treatment of obesity - adults

What is obesity?

Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity refers to a weight that exceeds what is considered healthy for you. A person's body mass index (BMI) is a number that indicates how much body fat they have. Obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher. Obesity is frequently caused by consuming more calories than your body requires. You can lose weight by altering your lifestyle.

 Obesity can cause the following:

  • Stroke
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Some types of cancer
  • Osteoarthritis
  • High blood pressure cholesterol
  • Sleep apnea
  • Gallbladder stones
  • Infertility problems
What causes obesity?
  • Eating meals that are high in calories, sugar, and fat everyday
  • Being born with obesity designated genes
  • Having a medical condition that causes obesity
  • Not sleeping
  • Consuming drinks with a lot of sugar
What increases the risks?
  • Family history of obesity
  • Female, and African American
  • Male, and Hispanic
  • Live in an area where there is no access to parks, recreation centre, sidewalks, and no healthy food options
How do I know that I have obesity?
  • Difficulty sleeping (including sleep apnea)
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia
How is this treated?
  • Changing your diet
  • Exercise
  • Medicine
  • Surgery
If you have been diagnosed with obesity, please contact your doctor or health care provider immediately if you are experiencing any of the following:
  • You cannot meet your weight loss goal after lifestyle changes
If you have been diagnosed with obesity, please get help immediately if you are experiencing any of the following:
  • Have difficulty breathing
  • Thoughts of hurting yourself
Where can I get more information?

Reference: Obesity. (2021, June 08). Elsevier Inc: ClinicalKey for Nursing. Retrieved from here.