Lyme disease- patient education

Lyme disease- patient education

Oak Valley Health's patient education pages share the skills, knowledge, and habits patients and families need to know to cope with a daily health issue. We hope this information can influence patient behaviour to improve health outcomes and provide you with a sense of control and autonomy.

Learn more about the risks, causes, and treatment of lyme disease

What is lyme disease?

Lyme disease is an infection that can affect the skin, joints, and nervous system. It is a bacterial infection spread by the bite of an infected tick. If left untreated symptoms can occur months to a few years after the tick bite.

What causes lyme disease?
  • A bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Being bitten by an infected tick (black-legged, or Ixodes, ticks)
  • The tick must remain attached to your skin for a certain amount of time in order to transmit the infection. This usually takes 36–48 hours.
  • Infected ticks are frequently carried by deer and are as small as a poppy seed
What increases the risks?
  • Spending time in wooded or grassy areas
  • Being outdoors with skin exposed
  • Camping, gardening, hiking, fishing, hunting, or working outdoors
  • You do not remove a tick from your skin
How do I know that I might have lyme disease?
  • Chills and fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • Body aches
  • Joint pain
  • A round, red rash on the skin
  • Swollen lymph glands
How is this treated?
  • Medicine
  • Antibiotics
If you have been diagnosed with lyme disease, please contact your doctor or health care provider immediately if you are experiencing any of the following:
  • Persistent or recurrent symptoms after treatment
  • You have been bitten by a tick or think you might have lyme disease based on the above symptoms
If you have been diagnosed with lyme disease, please get help immediately at your local Emergency Department if you are experiencing any of the following:
  • You have an abnormal heartbeat
  • You have chest pain and nerve pain
  • Numbness in face
  • Stiff neck
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Become sensitive to light
Where can I get more information?

Reference: Lyme Disease. (2021, June 08). Elsevier Inc: ClinicalKey for Nursing. Retrieved from here.