Oak Valley Health’s patient education pages share the skills, knowledge, and habits patients and families need to know to cope with a daily health issue. We hope this information can influence patient behaviour to improve health outcomes and provide you with a sense of control and autonomy.
Learn more about the risks, causes, and treatment of liver cancer
A tumour in the liver is known as liver cancer. The liver is located on the upper right side of the abdomen, just below the ribs.
The majority of primary liver tumors are hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) comprising most of the remaining cases. HCC is a primary liver cancer that typically develops in the setting of chronic liver disease, particularly in patients with cirrhosis or chronic Hepatitis B infection.
- You are a male
- abuse alcohol
- have hepatitis B or C
- You have hemochromatosis (body stores too much iron)
- Non alcoholic fatty liver disease
- You are exposed to aflatoxins
- You use anabolic steroids or oral contraceptives
- You have schistosomiasis
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea or vomiting
- Feeling itchy
- Bruising and bleeding
- Pain on the right side of abdomen, shoulder, back
- Dark coloured urine
- White stools
- Targeted therapy
- Radiation therapy
- You are having trouble eating due nausea and vomiting
- You feel weaker
- The pain gets worse
- You feel depressed or anxious
- You feel confused
- The pain in your abdomen increases
- Your abdomen and legs swell
- You have a fever, chills and body aches
- You bleed continuously
- Show signs of jaundice such as yellowing of eyes and skin, dark urine, clay-coloured stool, worsening fatigue
Reference: Liver Cancer. (2021, June 08). Elsevier Inc: ClinicalKey for Nursing. Retrieved from here.